SANDALFON, name of one of the most exalted angels. Ezekiel 1:15 was interpreted in the Babylonian Talmud (Ḥag. 13b) as referring to an angel who stood on the earth with his head reaching up to the living creatures (the ḥayyot). This "wheel" is called Sandalfon, who is said to stand so far above his colleague, apparently metatron , that a journey between them would take 500 years. His place is behind the merkabah , the heavenly chariot, and he fashions crowns for his creator. According to the sources of the Merkabah literature, these crowns are made from Israel's prayers, an idea widely repeated in Jewish literature. Sandalfon is also mentioned as one of the highest angels in the story of Moses' ascension to heaven, and in the Midrash Konen he is called a mediator or "translator" between Israel and God, obviously because he transforms the words of prayer into mystical crowns on God's head. The etymology of the name is explained, probably correctly, as synadelphos ("confrère" or "colleague"), namely of Metatron. He is mentioned in many hymns, and conjurations regarding him and his mystery are found in Merkabah literature; one such is "The Mystery of Sandalfon" (Merkavah Shelemah, 1922, fol. la). Here he has the power to nullify hostile decrees against Israel. In later sources he is frequently defined as the angel set over birds, sar ha-ofot, particularly in the writings of the Ḥasidei Ashkenaz and in the Zohar. Spanish kabbalists of the 13th century interpreted the name as a composition of two elements: sandal, meaning in the Talmud a still unformed embryo, and fon, understood as a formation of a face panim; these two elements therefore represent matter and form, brought together in Sandalfon. Many kabbalists declared that Sandalfon was an angelic transfiguration of the prophet Elijah, just as Metatron was described in earlier sources as the transfiguration of Enoch. Since the word sandal has the meaning "shoe," Sandalfon was also thought of as the "shoe" of the Shekhinah, that is to say the angel on which the feet of the Shekhinah rested. Some kabbalists considered him the teacher of Moses. Later Kabbalah ascribed to him a special sphere of mystical being which was essentially more than a pure angelic host. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. Margalioth, Malakhei Elyon (1945), 148–54; M. Schwab, Vocabulaire de l'angélologie (1897), 201; G. Davidson, A Dictionary of Angels (1967), 267. (Gershom Scholem)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sandalfon — Sandalfon, im Talmud der Engel des Feuers, welcher nebst Matraton u. Achtariel die Gebete der Israeliten zu Kränzen zusammenbindet u. auf das Haupt Gottes setzt …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Personnages de Satan 666 — Les personnages de Satan 666 sont des personnages de fiction créés par Seishi Kishimoto appartenant au shōnen manga Satan 666. Les personnages présents dans cet article sont classés en fonction de leur appartenance à une organisation. Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kujaku — 666 Satan Pour les articles homonymes, voir Satan (homonymie). Satan 666 ~サタン~ 666 ( Satan 666) Type Shōnen Genre Nekketsu Thèmes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Satan666 — 666 Satan Pour les articles homonymes, voir Satan (homonymie). Satan 666 ~サタン~ 666 ( Satan 666) Type Shōnen Genre Nekketsu Thèmes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Satan 666 — 666 Satan Pour les articles homonymes, voir Satan (homonymie). Satan 666 ~サタン~ 666 ( Satan 666) Type Shōnen Genre Nekketsu Thèmes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Silhouette Mirage — En este artículo sobre videojuegos se detectaron los siguientes problemas: Necesita ser wikificado conforme a las convenciones de estilo de Wikipedia. Carece de fuentes o referencias que aparezcan en una fuente acreditada …   Wikipedia Español

  • ANGELS AND ANGELOLOGY — ANGELS AND ANGELOLOGY. The entry is arranged according to the following outline: bible terminology angels as a group the angel of the lord in the hagiographa silence of the prophets ezekiel and zechariah daniel apocrypha among the jewish sects… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • WORLDS, THE FOUR — The use of the term world in the sense of a separate spiritual unit, a particular realm of being, came to the halakhic kabbalists from the heritage of neoplatonism. At an early stage, from the beginning of the 13th century, many such worlds are… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sandalphon — (Hebrew: סנדלפון; Greek: ) is an archangel in Jewish and Christian writings. Origin Some of the earliest sources on Sandalphon refer to him as the prophet Elijah transfigured and elevated to angelic status.Davidson, Gustav (1967), A Dictionary of …   Wikipedia

  • Metatron — Dans la culture juive, le Metatron, ou Métatron, ou encore, Atmon, Atropatos, Lad, Sar ha Kodesh, Sar ha Olam, Yefehfiah..., est l ange portant la voix de Dieu. Il est étroitement relié à Sandalphon (ou Sandalfon), sa contre partie feminine , l… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”